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1. INTRODUCTION…………………….........…………..................................….. 1
     THE GAME OF NINE-BALL
     EIGHT-BALL VERSUS NINE-BALL
     RULES OF NINE-BALL
     MEASUREMENT UNITS
     BALL-SPEED TERMINOLOGY
     ESTIMATING ANGLES
     DIAMOND AND POCKET DESIGNATIONS

2. EQUIPMENT………………………………........................................……….…. 7
     TABLE .
           Table size -- Pocket characteristics -- Pocket difficulty
            Cushions -- Cloth --  Leveling
     BALLS
     BALL RACK
     CUE STICK
           Glue lines -- Points -- Shaft -- Ferrule -- Tip -- Joint -- Wrap
           Stick length -- Stick weight -- Balance point -- Stick overview
     CUE CASE
           Side opening -- End opening -- Size of case 23
     CHALK
          Chalk tests -- Test results -- Chalking technique -- Practical chalk test
     TALCUM POWDER
     GLOVE
     MECHANICAL BRIDGE
     EYE GLASSES

3. CUE-STICK INDUCED DEFLECTION…………………..........…..…… 31
     STICK FLEXIBILITY
     BEND OR BUCKLE
     CUE-STICK INDUCED DEFLECTION TESTS
     RELATIONSHIP OF FLEXIBILITY TO DEFLECTION
     EXAMPLE SHOTS
     ACCIDENTAL SIDE ENGLISH
     EXTREMES OF FLEXIBILITY
     DEFLECTION OVERVIEW
         Stiff mind-set -- Getting used to a stiff shaft -- Importance of shaft flexibility
         Non-uniform flex -- Estimating cue-stick induced deflection  38

4. STANCE & STROKE…………….......…………..………………….……...…. 41
     LEGS AND FEET
     EYE POSITION
     DOMINANT EYE
     BRIDGE HAND
     BRIDGE DISTANCE
     WEARING A WATCH
     GRIP HAND AND WRIST
     FOREARM AND ELBOW
     CUE-STICK POSITION
     STROKE
     OVERVIEW

5. ENGLISH………………….......………………........………………………...……. 49
     DEFINITION
     QUANTITY OF ENGLISH
     BOTTOM ENGLISH
         Straight-in shots -- Cut shots -- Elevated cue stick -- Curve off cushion
     TOP ENGLISH
         Straight-in shots -- Cut shots -- Cue-ball jump -- Curve off cushion
     SIDE ENGLISH
         Mechanics of side english -- Side english problems -- Stick alignment
         English induced throw -- Cue-ball curve -- Rebound angle off cushion
     COMBINED ENGLISH
     SELECTING ENGLISH
     CUSHION-INDUCED ENGLISH
     COLLISION-INDUCED ENGLISH
     TRANSFER OF ENGLISH
     INADVERTENT SIDE ENGLISH

6. BREAK SHOT……………………….................……………………………...…. 61
     TABLE SIZE
     LAG FOR BREAK
     BREAK OBJECTIVES
     RACKING THE BALLS
          The mechanics of racking -- Racking problems
     RACK ANALYSIS
     AIMING POINT
     ENGLISH
           Top english -- Bottom english -- Side english
     CUE-BALL PLACEMENT
           Cue ball near side rail -- Cue-ball placement between center and side
     STRIKING THE 1-BALL OFF-CENTER
     IMPERFECT RACK
           Rack alignment -- Off foot spot -- Gaps between balls
     CUE-BALL ACTION
           Cue-ball bounce -- Bridge type -- Bridge distance -- Distance to pack --
           Change sides -- Strike point on cue ball -- Slow down -- Bounce test
     STANCE AND STROKE
     BREAK STICK
           Stick weight -- Stick length -- Grip -- Stiffness
     EXAMPLE BREAKS
     BREAK OVERVIEW

7. PUSH OUT……………………………........…………………………......……..... 83
     PUSH OR SHOOT
     CUE-BALL POSITION
     TAKE IT OR LEAVE IT
     PUSH-OUT EXAMPLES
     PUSH-OUT TESTS

8. SAFETIES……………………………………………….........……......……...…… 91
     ETHICS OF SAFETIES
     THE POWER OF A SAFETY
     WHEN TO SHOOT A SAFETY
     ELEMENTS OF A SAFETY
           Assign a priority -- Physics of safeties -- Hide cue ball or object ball --
           Cue-ball position -- Object ball position
     SAFETY STRATEGIES
           Picket fence defense -- The head-on shot -- Nudging balls --
           Object ball nudge -- Stop shot safety -- Stop object ball -- Leaving long --
           Ball-in-hand -- Safeties on the 9-ball
     SAFETY QUIZ
     RESPONSE TO SAFETIES
           Hitting the object ball -- Can’t hit object ball
     SAFETY ESCAPES
     OVERVIEW

9. BALL-IN-HAND……………………………......……………………....…...…. 107
     FOULS
     THREE-FOUL WIN
     SAFETIES
     INTENTIONAL FOULS
     9-BALL COMBINATIONS
     TWO-WAY SHOTS
     CUE-BALL PLACEMENT
     OVERVIEW

10. BANK SHOTS…………………………………………….....…….....……….. 113
     DIAMOND SYSTEM
     EQUAL ANGLE SYSTEM
     EQUAL DISTANCE SYSTEM
     CRISSCROSS SYSTEM
     IMAGE TABLE SYSTEM
     PARALLEL SYSTEM
           Single rail -- Two rails
     COMPLIMENTARY SYSTEM
     RAIL TRACK SYSTEM
     ROTE SYSTEM
     VARIABLES AFFECTING ANGLE OF REBOUND
           Cushion distortion -- Roll -- English
     OVERVIEW

11. KICK SHOTS……………………………….………....…………......…..…… 125
     KICKING SYSTEMS
           Equal angle system -- Crisscross system -- Image table system --
           Parallel system -- Complimentary system
     ENGLISH
           Side english -- Top english -- Bottom english
     MULTIPLE RAIL KICKS
           Diamond system -- Two-rail parallel system -- Adjusting the parallel system --
           Effects of side english -- Double kick
     KICK SHOT OBJECTIVES
           Evaluating potential shots -- Big ball target -- Kick to make --
           Kicking safe -- Kick speed
     OVERVIEW

12. JUMP SHOTS…………………………………………….......…...…………... 139
     JUMP STICK
     TABLE VARIABLES
     JUMP DYNAMICS
     JUMP TECHNIQUE
     AIM ADJUSTMENT
     JUMP OFF CUSHION
     JUMP OFF OBJECT BALL
     OBJECT BALL JUMP
     ENGLISH

13. POSITIONING THE CUE BALL.…………….……….…........……… 147
     POSITION SPOT AND ZONE .
     CUT SHOTS
           Cut angle options -- Proper side
     CHEATING THE POCKET
     SPEED CONTROL
           Speed alone -- Speed extremes -- Using a stopper
      ENGLISH
           Bottom and top -- Side english -- Combination english --
           English and speed
     SHOOTING DUCKS
     USING CUSHIONS
           Single cushion -- Multiple cushions
     POSITION EXAMPLES
     OVERVIEW

14. STRATEGY………………………………………………........……...……….. 167
     STRATEGY FLEXIBILITY
     PACE OF GAME
     PROBABILITIES
     STRATEGY VARIABLES
           Equipment -- Opponent -- Score -- Judgment
     SHOT OR SHAPE
     OFFENSE VERSUS DEFENSE
     THREE-BALL SEQUENCE
     CHOOSING A POCKET
     CLUSTERS
           Secondary objective -- Shooting directly at clusters
     BALLS ON CUSHION
     SHAPE OPTIONS
           Random shape -- How much shape -- Slow or “back and forth” --
           Easy side of object ball -- Avoid hopeless areas – Avoiding scratches --
           Side or end rail -- Can you reach it
     INTENTIONAL FOULS
     9-BALL COMBINATIONS
           Ride the 9-ball -- Skill level and odds -- Recognize opportunities
     SHOOTING THE 9-BALL
     EXAMPLES AND ANALYSES
     OVERVIEW

15. STATISTICS……………………………………………........…..……………. 197
     DATA SOURCE
     BRIDGE TYPE
     BREAK SHOT
           Cue-ball break position -- Making a ball on the break --
           Pocketing multiple balls -- Scratch on break -- 9-ball on break --
           Which balls into what pocket
     PUSH-OUT
     JUMP SHOTS
     SAFETIES
     KICKS SHOTS
     FOULS
     COMBINATION SHOTS
     LENGTH OF GAME
     SUMMARY

16. PRACTICE………………………………………..………….......………....… 209
     INTRODUCTION
           The learning process -- Competition -- Balance your errors --
           Types of practice -- Practice tables -- Practice ball -- Opposite hand --
           Recording results
     STANCE AND STROKE
     AIM
           Cue-ball aim accuracy -- Object-ball accuracy
     SPEED CONTROL
           Cue-ball speed -- Object-ball speed -- Cue ball and object ball --
           Lag shot -- Sound and feel
     BREAK SHOT
     ENGLISH
     CUT SHOTS
           Thin cut shots -- Moderate cut shots
     RAIL SHOTS
           Maximum forward -- Maximum backwards
     BANK SHOTS
           Systems -- Rote banking -- English and throw -- Double banks
     KICK SHOTS
           Kick to hit -- Cushion first
     COMBOS AND CAROMS
           Combination shots -- Carom shots
     JUMPS SHOTS
           Cue-ball jump -- Object ball jump
     CURVE SHOTS
     SAFETIES
           Speed control -- Thin hit -- Leaving long -- Nursing shot -- A safety game
     CUE-BALL POSITIONING
           Wrong side -- In the jaw -- Three-ball run
     PRACTICE GAMES
           Reposition balls -- Adding difficulty -- Variety of games -- Making up games
     SPECIALTY SHOTS
           Jump off rail -- Massé shot -- Cue ball on rail -- Other specialty shots
     INSTRUCTION
     PRACTICE OVERVIEW
           The basics -- Good days and bad days -- Playing plateau --
           Resistance to change -- Practice conditions -- Practice time

17. TOURNAMENTS……………….........…………………………....…..……. 237
     TYPES OF TOURNAMENTS
     TOURNAMENT INFORMATION
     RUNNING A TOURNAMENT
           Tournament director -- Tournament date -- Number of participants --
           Rules -- Seeding -- Draw method -- Bye positions -- Buy-in and buy-back --
           Flow chart -- Scoring system -- Playing order -- Payout
     HANDICAPPING
     PERSONAL SCHEDULING
     FOOD AND REST
           Food -- Rest
     RANDOM DRAW
     OBSERVATIONS
     PRE-MATCH WARM-UP
     MENTAL CONSIDERATIONS
           Tournament site -- Tournament jitters -- Win mentality -- Determination --
           Psyching by your opponent -- Sportsmanship
     PLAYING THE MATCH
           Stay informed -- Early game -- Risk-reward -- Keeping score
     POST TOURNAMENT ANALYSIS
     SPECTATING
     SPONSORSHIP
           Events -- Players

18. SKILL RATING………………………………………………............……… 251
     DESIRED COMPONENTS OF A SKILL RATING SYSTEM
           Simplicity -- Precision -- Consistency -- Opponent influences
           Reflect all skills -- Random chance
     KOEHLER SKILL RATING SYSTEM
           Description -- Break shot -- Safety shot -- Push-out -- The pass
     RECORDING THE GAME
     ADJUSTING SKILL RATING FOR POCKET DIFFICULTY
     SYSTEM ASSESSMENT
     USE OF SKILL RATING
           Goal setting -- Self-appraisal -- Equipment evaluation -- Your physical state --
           Your mental state -- Handicapping

19. HANDICAPPING……………………………….......….………………..….. 261
     COMPUTER SIMULATION
     THE BREAK
     SPOTTING SPECIFIC BALLS
           Racked easy to make -- Racked hard to make
     MULTIPLE-BALL HANDICAP
     LAST BALLS HANDICAP
     GAMES ON-THE-WIRE
     SKIP HANDICAP SYSTEM
     OVERVIEW
           Comparison evaluation -- Mathematical chance -- Human variables

20. MIND AND BODY…………………………......………….....……...………… 277
     RIGHT-BRAIN – LEFT-BRAIN
     MOTIVATION FOR PLAYING
     CONCENTRATION
     CHOKING
     PSYCH-UP
     PSYCH-OUT
       MENTAL ISSUES
           Mental training -- Mental conflicts -- Imaging -- Setting goals --
           Expectations -- Routines and rituals -- Rehearsals -- Displaying emotions --
           Taking responsibility -- Patients -- Confidence -- Self analysis --
           Self coaching -- Reputation and labels -- Distractions
     PERPETUAL LOSER
     AFFIRMATIONS
           Affirmations as a seed -- Designing affirmations --
           Affirmations for every occasion
     PHYSICAL FITNESS
           Food -- Meals -- Records -- Smoking -- Eyesight -- Exercise --
           Circadian rhythm -- Rest
     OVERVIEW

21. GLOSSARY OF SELECTED TERMS…………………………......... 303

22. EPILOGUE
………………………………....…...…………......……………… 317
UPSCALE NINE-BALL
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