KANSAS is a new game of pool invented by Jack Koehler.
The name (KANSAS) is an acronym for:
Koehler’s Amazingly Novel Shoot And Sit.
RULES OF KANSAS
The general rules of pool apply to KANSAS. That is, you must have at least one foot on the floor when
Except when clearly contradicted by these additional rules, the General rules of Pocket Billiards apply.
1. OBJECT OF THE GAME -- KANSAS is played with six object balls and a cue ball. The numbers on the
six balls are of no significance except that the solid-colored balls are usually used for the sake of
consistency. Any ball on the table can be shot. (Players are not required to call any shots.) The shooter
gets credit for all balls pocketed on any individual shot. When an object ball is pocketed it is spotted on
the foot spot before the next player shoots. If the foot spot is occupied by another ball the spotted ball is
placed as near to the spot as possible, on the long string, in the direction of the foot cushion. Each
player shoots only one shot per inning (turn at the table). Each legally made ball (or balls) is scored as a
point. The first player to score nine points is the winner of the game. (Highly skilled players may choose
to shoot to 18 points.) After each shot the incoming player must shoot from the position left by the
previous player. Obviously, it is desirable to pocket a ball(s) and leave the cue ball in a position where
your opponent can’t make a ball.
2. RACKING THE BALLS -- The object balls are racked in a triangular shape with the head ball on the
foot spot and racked as tightly as possible. The game begins with the cue ball in-hand behind the head
3. BREAK SHOT -- The person that shoots the break shot will be determined by a lag shot or any other
means acceptable to both players. The person winning the lag gets to either shoot the break shot or
make the other player shoot it.
1. Any balls made on the break shot are spotted and are not counted as a point for the breaker.
2. The breaker must drive at least three object balls to a rail. If that requirement is not met the shot will
be considered a foul. The next shooter will be required to shoot from where the cue ball lies.
3. If the cue ball is pocketed or driven off the table it is a foul. The incoming player will have cue ball in-
hand behind the head string. The cue ball must be shot out of the kitchen before contacting an object
4. If the breaker causes an object ball to jump off the table it is a foul and the incoming player must shoot
from where the cue ball lies. The object ball is spotted.
Note: These break shot rules tend to de-emphasize the importance of strength in executing the break
shot. In doing so it tends to negate the size, age, and gender advantages prevalent in NINE-BALL.
4. FIRST SHOT AFTER BREAK -- Any ball made on the first shot after the break shot will not be counted
as a point. If an object ball is pocketed it is spotted.
Note: In essence, no balls are counted on the first two shots of the game (break shot and next shot). This
is to permit the game to get underway without giving either player a decided advantage. It also reduced
the luck factor created by the random movement of the balls on the break shot.
5. RECORDING POINTS -- Each legally pocketed object ball is scored as one point. Points are recorded
by advancing a coin on that players side of the table. When the game begins a coin for each player is
positioned under the rail at the center of the head rail. Each time a point is scored the coin is advanced
one diamond (pockets don’t count) around the perimeter of the table (each player advances in a
different direction). The first person to reach the center of the foot cushion (9 points) is the winner of the
6. FOULS -- A foul is committed when:
(1) The shooter fails to strike an object ball with the cue ball.
(2) A ball fails to strike a cushion after the cue ball strikes an object ball.
(3) The cue ball is pocketed or otherwise leaves and remains off the table surface.
(4) An object ball is knocked off the table surface.
(5) The cue ball is touched in any manor other than a normal shot.
(6) If an object ball is accidentally touched or moved, as a result of shooting, it is normally not considered
to be a foul. However, if the movement of the object ball influences the position or path of any of the
other balls it will be considered a foul.
(7) If the non-shooting player touches or moves any ball it will be considered to be a foul on that player.
7. PENALTY FOR FOULING -- When a player commits a foul the inning is considered over and the next
player’s inning begins. No ball(s) made during the inning in which a foul is committed will be counted as a
point. The incoming player must shoot from where the cue ball lies except if the cue ball has gone off the
table or has been pocketed, in which case, the player will have cue ball in-hand inside the kitchen. The
cue ball must be shot out of the kitchen before contacting an object ball.
One point is deducted from the players score for a foul. (Note: If the player has no points then no points
are deducted. This eliminates the complexity of having and recording a negative score.)
Three fouls in a single game is a loss of game. The total number of fouls committed by each player is
kept track of by placing a coin on the head rail, on the fouling players side of the table, each time a foul
is committed. It is the responsibility of the player that fouled to voluntarily put the coin on the rail. If the
fouling player, for any reason, does not place a coin on the rail, it is the responsibility of the other player
to remind him or her.
Note: Limiting the number of fouls to three discourages the players from shooting a series of
consecutive intentional fouls.
8. OBJECT BALLS DRIVEN OFF THE TABLE -- An object ball is considered to be driven off the table if it
comes to rest other than on the bed of the table. It is a foul to drive the cue ball or an object ball off the
table. Object ball(s) that have left the table surface are put back into play on the foot spot.
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