THE SCIENCE OF
POCKET BILLIARDS
TABLE OF CONTENTS
CHAPTER                                                           PAGE

PREFACE.............................................................................................  1
   Controlled Experimentation...........................................................................................
        Speed control---Directional control---Alignment sight---Targets---Balls
  Measurement Units.......................................................................................................
  Ball Speed Terminology.................................................................................................
  Estimating Angles.........................................................................................................

1. EQUIPMENT..................................................................................... 7
  Pool Cue.....................................................................................................................
        Tip---Ferrule---Shaft---Joint---Butt---Bumper---Stick length
        Stick weight --- Balance---Workmanship---Cue care
  Table.........................................................................................................................
        Dimensions---Pockets---Height---Structure---Cushions---Cloth
        Buying a table---Care of table
  Balls..........................................................................................................................
  Chalk......................................................................................................................  
  Talcum Powder.......................................................................................................  
  Glove......................................................................................................................  
  Ball Rack.................................................................................................................  
  Mechanical Bridge....................................................................................................  
....
2. SHOOTING STANCE AND TECHNIQUE.......................................  25
  Stance.......................................................................................................................
        Foot position---Leg position---Grip-arm position---Grip-hand position ..
        Head position--- Upper body position---Bridge hand ---Bridge distance
        Stance summary
  Technique.................................................................................................................  
        Stance adjustment---Preliminary strokes---Back stroke---Aim alignment
        Follow-through---Post-shot-stance

3. POCKETING THE OBJECT BALL..................................................  37
  Basic Shots................................................................................................................  
  Aiming Technique......................................................................................................  
  Collision-Induced Throw............................................................................................  
...
4. SHOT SELECTION..........................................................................  43
  Permissible Error........................................................................................................  
        Effective pocket size---Cut angle---Distance
  Calculating Shot Difficulty..........................................................................................  
  Judgment and Skill....................................................................................................  

5. CUE-BALL DEFLECTION PATH....................................................  53
  Ball Resiliency...........................................................................................................  
  Normal Roll..............................................................................................................  
  Cue Ball Response to Roll...........................................................................................  
  Cue Ball Path with Normal Roll...................................................................................  
  Estimating Cue Ball Path.............................................................................................  

6. ENGLISH..........................................................................................  59
  Bottom English...........................................................................................................  
        Straight-in shots---Cut shots---Elevated cue stick---The drag shot
  Top English...............................................................................................................  
        Straight-in shots---Cut shots---Cue ball jump
  Side English...............................................................................................................  
        Stick alignment---English-induced throw---Cue-ball curve--- Rebound angle
        Ball speed off cushion---Dissipation of side english
  Combined English......................................................................................................  
  Other English Considerations.......................................................................................  
        Transfer of english---Cushion-induced english---Collision-induced english

7. POSITIONING THE CUE BALL.......................................................  87
  Pre-shot Analysis........................................................................................................  
  Positioning Tools........................................................................................................  
        Speed control and english---English-induced throw---Cheating the pocket
  Examples and Analysis................................................................................................  

8. RAIL SHOTS..................................................................................... 99
        No english---Ball-side english---Cushion-side english
  Striking Object Ball First.............................................................................................
        No english---Ball-side english---Cushion-side english
  Striking Cushion First.................................................................................................
        No english---Ball-side english---Cushion-side english
  Influence of Cue Ball Speed.........................................................................................
  Distance to Pocket.....................................................................................................
  How to Shoot a Rail Shot............................................................................................
  Cue Ball Reaction.......................................................................................................
        Striking object ball first---Striking cushion first
9. COMBINATION SHOTS.................................................................. 109
  Simple Combination Shots..........................................................................................
        Permissible error---Aim and execution
  Frozen-Ball Combination Shots....................................................................................
        Throw---Accuracy required
  Frozen-Ball Carom Shots............................................................................................
        Accuracy required---Effects of english---Third ball complication
  Object-Ball Carom Shots.............................................................................................
        Variables---Accuracy required---Versatility of shot
        Limiting the variables---Accuracy required

10. BANK SHOTS................................................................................. 119
  Diamond System........................................................................................................
        5-system---Plus system
 Equal Angle System.....................................................................................................
  Equal Distance System...............................................................................................
  Crisscross System.....................................................................................................
  Image Table System..................................................................................................
  Parallel System.........................................................................................................
        Single rail---Two rails
  Rail Track System.....................................................................................................
  Rote System.............................................................................................................
  Variables Affecting Angle of Rebound..........................................................................
        Cushion distortion---Roll---English
  Determining Net Rebound Error..................................................................................
  Correcting Angle of Incidence....................................................................................
  Cushion Rebound Efficiency......................................................................................
  Summary of Bank Shots............................................................................................

11. MISCELLANEOUS SHOTS...........................................................  147
  Power Break Shots.....................................................................................................
        Variables---Aim point---Cue ball placement---Cue ball action---Cue stick
        Stance and stroke---Summary
  Spot Shots................................................................................................................
  Lag Shots.................................................................................................................
  Jump shots...............................................................................................................
        Execution---Aim adjustment---Getting position---Object ball jump
  Curve and Massé Shots..............................................................................................

12. STRATEGY..................................................................................... 157
  Shot Selection............................................................................................................
        Three-ball sequence---Pocket selection---Estimating probabilities
        Defense considerations---Key ball
  Problem Balls............................................................................................................
  Shape Concessions....................................................................................................
  Clusters...................................................................................................................
  Nudging Balls...........................................................................................................
  Safeties....................................................................................................................
  9-Ball Combinations...................................................................................................
  Strategy Overview.....................................................................................................

13. PRACTICE...................................................................................... 173
  Introduction................................................................................................................
  Practice Drills.............................................................................................................
        Speed control---Aim accuracy---English---Stun stroke---Rail shots
        Bank shots---Kick shots---Carom shots---Spot shots---Power break shots
        Clusters---Shape drills---Coin-operated tables
  Drill Games................................................................................................................
  Practice Play..............................................................................................................
  Practicing Without a Pool Table...................................................................................
        Stance, stroke, and bridge---Cue-ball deflection---Bank shots---Rail shots
        Strategy
  Practice Overview....................................................................................................  
        Good days bad days---Playing plateau---Practice equipment and conditions
        Practice time

14. OVERSIZE CUE BALL................................................................... 207
  Resistance to Movement..............................................................................................
  Resistance to Stopping...............................................................................................  
  Cue Ball Deflection.....................................................................................................
  Cushion Efficiency.....................................................................................................
  Effects of English......................................................................................................
  Aim Adjustment.........................................................................................................
  Rail Shot Compensation..............................................................................................
  Cue Stick..................................................................................................................

15. MIND AND BODY.......................................................................... 213
  Motivation for Playing.................................................................................................
  Psychological Limitations of Performance.....................................................................
  Choking....................................................................................................................
  Concentration............................................................................................................
         Physical distractions---Mental distractions---Dead stroke
  Psych-Out................................................................................................................
  Mental Processes......................................................................................................
        Shot analysis---Shot execution
  Physical Condition.....................................................................................................
        Exercise---Eating---Vitamin and mineral supplements---Rest and relaxation

16. TOURNAMENT POOL................................................................... 223
  Round Robin Tournament............................................................................................
        Scoring system---Playing order---Handicapping
  Single Elimination Tournament......................................................................................
        Scoring system---Bye positions---Buy-in positions
 Double Elimination Tournament......................................................................................
        Scoring system---Bye positions---Buy-in positions---Example tournament
        Frame grouping charts---Comparative analysis
  Combination Tournaments............................................................................................
  Seeded Tournaments..................................................................................................  

EPILOGUE............................................................................................ 243

INDEX AND GLOSSARY OF SELECTED TERMS............................... 245
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